Phonics

Phonics is taught using the DFE 'Letters and Sounds'. Children are taught to recognise the sounds and to 'push' them together ('sound blend' them) into words for reading.

Children are taught one way of representing the 44 main sounds of English first, then go on to learn the alternative spellings later on.

When teaching the letter sounds, it is important to remember to keep them very 'pure' and distinct, to help with sound-blending later on.

Watch the Phoneme Pronunciation Guide DVD at the bottom of this page to hear the correct way to say each sound.

'Letters and Sounds' is split into Phases.

Phase 1

Phase 1 falls largely within the Communication, Language and Literacy area of learning in the EYFS. It teaches young children important basic elements such as oral segmenting and blending through speaking and listening games and activities.

Phase 2

s

a

t

p

i

n

m

d

g

o

c

k

ck

e

u

r

h

b

f/ff

l/ll

ss

     

Phase 3

j

v

w

x

y

z/zz

qu

 

 

Phase 3

Example word

Phase 3

Example word

ch

chip

ar

farm

sh

shop

or

for

th

thin/then

ur

hurt

ng

ring

ow

cow

ai

rain

oi

coin

ee

feet

ear

dear

igh

night

air

fair

oa

boat

ure

sure

oo

boot/look

er

corner

 

Phase 4

CCVC (consonant, consonant, vowel, consonant) words e.g. spot, glad, twin and CVCC (consonant, vowel, consonant, consonant) words e.g. tent, bend, damp.

 

Phase 5

 

Phase 5

Example word

Phase 5

Example word

ay

day

ph

photo

ou

out

ew

new

ie

tie

oe

toe

ea

eat

au

launch

oy

boy

a-e

make

ir

girl

e-e

these

ue

blue

i-e

like

aw

saw

o-e

home

wh

when

u-e

rule

 

Alternative pronunciations for graphemes

i – fin, find

c – cat, cent

u – but, put (South)

ie – tie, field

er – farmer, her

y – yes, by, very

ou – out, shoulder, could, you

o – hot, cold

g – got, giant

ow – cow, blow

ea –eat, bread

a – hat, what

ch – chin, school, chef

If you would like to purchase Phonics flash cards, to further support your child, they are available from the Amazon website http://www.amazon.co.uk/Read-Write-Inc-Home-Flashcards 

Click on the image above to hear the correct pronunciation of the sounds.

 

Files to Download

Contact the School

Manor Park Primary School

Manor Park North,
Knutsford, Cheshire, WA16 8DB

Main Contact: Mrs Cobham in the
school office

Tel: 01625 568837
admin@manorpark.cheshire.sch.uk